Facial Cupping: What Is It, Benefits, Risks & How To Do It At Home
If the word "cupping" evokes images of Olympic athletes and painful-looking bruises, you're not alone. However, there's a gentler version of the ancient practice that's said to leave you with sculpted, glowy skin: facial cupping. What is this cheekbone-carving procedure, and how does it work? Here's our deep dive.
What is facial cupping?
Cupping is an ancient practice with roots in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), where the skin is suctioned away from the rest of the body in order to stimulate the flow of qi (routinely applied on the back and legs as a way to decrease inflammation, rejuvenate fatigued muscles, and alleviate aches). And as you may guess, facial cupping follows the same beat—it's just targeted to, well, your face.
“Facial cupping helps to stimulate the acupuncture meridians and channels on the face,” says acupuncturist Paige Yang, L.Ac, DACM, doctor of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and founder of Yang Face. “Facial cupping also brings qi and blood to the facial muscles, which can help stimulate collagen and elastin production.”
As you may know, collagen keeps your skin looking firm and taut, and an increase in blood circulation pumps oxygen and nutrients to your skin cells, which is why many find their skin looking supple and glowy after facial cupping—take it from this personal review.
Suctioning your skin with the small, soft cups can also help decrease puffiness and move lymph around, sculpting the face, neck, and jawline; by gliding the cups in upward strokes, you can help tone and lift the skin as well.
Facial cupping versus body cupping.
If you're familiar with body cupping, you're probably thinking: Uh, won't I get bruises on my face from using a cupping tool?
But facial cupping isn't exactly the same as what you may have seen dotting the backs of athletes. Both procedures promote blood flow and circulation, yes, but facial cups aren't static. Meaning, they're moved around quite a bit in order to promote blood circulation—they aren't sitting on your face for an extended period of time.
"Body cupping uses cups applied to specific areas for a longer period of time, which creates the bruising we are accustomed to," notes celebrity facialist and founder of Cecilia Wong Skincare, Cecilia Wong.
Facial cups are also typically made of soft silicone, while the ones meant for your body are usually larger in size and made of glass. So before you write off the procedure for fear of leaving the house covered in welts, know that facial cupping is way less intense.
Risks & side effects.
OK, we know we just said that facial cupping shouldn’t leave you covered in bruises, but some people can experience bruising—especially around the thinner-skinned areas of the face (like the forehead or eye area) or if you have hypersensitive skin. Wong agrees, who warns that cupping can cause broken capillaries and broken blood vessels for some.
Additionally, says Yang, you’ll want to avoid facial cupping on open sores, acne pustules, and sunburned skin, as dragging the suctioning tool can exacerbate the wounds. “Facial cupping is not recommended during pregnancy or for persons with blood clotting conditions or persons on blood thinner medications,” she adds.
As always, check in with a professional before attempting any new skin care procedures, at-home or otherwise. “I always recommend people consult a licensed acupuncturist for personalized advice,” Yang says.
Professional vs. at-home facial cupping.
While facial cupping is a noninvasive procedure, professional treatments are a bit more targeted than at-home tools. Let’s dive into them both:
Professional facial cupping.
"Facial cupping done by a licensed acupuncturist will be more targeted, as we understand where the channels and meridians run along the face," says Yang.
If you do opt for a professional cupping session (and you’re well-versed in all the potential risks and side effects above), she recommends arriving to your treatment well-hydrated with a clean, moisturized face.
Your treatment will likely follow an acupuncture session: “After all of the needles are removed (from both the body and face), I apply a facial balm or facial oil to the skin,” says Yang. “I then begin cupping, which helps to reinforce all of the acupuncture points I just used on the face. I typically will cup the patient's face for five to seven minutes until I can see some warmth and good circulation.”
She also moves down to the neck: “We often follow the direction of the channels and always open up the neck and decollete with the facial cup,” she notes, suctioning horizontally rather than dragging up and down the neck. After, she follows with facial gua sha, jade rolling, and an acupressure facial massage.
Post-treatment, she notes it’s important to stay hydrated: “I usually recommend my patients have some water with lemon and honey, or water with a pinch of sea salt,” she notes, for an extra hit of electrolytes to help regulate fluid balance.
At-home facial cupping.
There are a number of facial cupping kits you can purchase at home, providing you with different-size cups to use for larger areas (like the forehead, cheek, neck, and jawline) and for the smaller, more delicate places.
Like many at-home beauty tools, they might not give you the same targeted results you'd see from a professional (looking at you, dermaplane), but you can try it out for yourself for a little jaw-sculpting routine. Here's what many of those kits recommend:
- Apply a nice facial oil on freshly cleansed skin (like during gua sha, you'll want enough slip to make sure the tool easily glides across your face).
- Squeeze the cup and suction it to the face, then use your free hand to hold the skin taut before sweeping upward with gentle strokes. (This prevents you from pulling on the skin.) “It does take some time to get the right amount of suction down,” says Yang, but you’ll want to keep the pressure light. Release and repeat for a few strokes before moving to a different area.
- Keep your pace slow, but steady: "It's important not to rush the process and be gentle on your delicate skin," says Wong. However, you'll want to always keep the cup moving, as letting it sit in one place for too long can cause bruising—especially on the more delicate areas of the face.
- When finished, wash the cups with gentle soap and water, letting them air dry.
Let’s sum up some of the most common questions about facial cupping.
1. What’s the difference between at-home and professional facial cupping?
The biggest difference is the intensity of the treatment. A professional knows exactly where the acupuncture channels run along your face, neck, and decolletage, so you may experience more targeted results.
2. What’s the difference between body and facial cupping?
With body cupping, the cups are static, which means they sit on your skin for longer periods of time (and why you may experience bruising). Facial cups glide across the skin to promote blood circulation and seldom sit in once place for extended periods of time.
3. Will I bruise?
Short answer? With a professional treatment it’s unlikely (unless you have sensitive skin), but bruises are much more common among the DIY kits. That’s because many people let the cups sit on their face for too long, especially around less fleshy areas like the forehead and around the eyes.
4. How often should I do it?
Whether you opt for a professional or at-home treatment, holistic esthetician Britta Plug recommends sticking to facial cupping once a week in order to avoid negatively affecting the skin's elasticity with overuse.
5. Does it work?
Results vary for everyone, but many people do report back with benefits (i.e., supple, taut skin, sculpted cheekbones, and an overall brighter complexion). See here for a personal recount with tips for DIY, but ultimately you won’t know how it works for you until you try it safely.
Facial cupping has been used for thousands of years in TCM, and offers plenty of rejuvenating, skin-sculpting benefits. However, be mindful of the potential risks here—especially if you're attempting an at-home tutorial—and if you have any questions or concerns, it's probably best to see a professional.
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