To-do lists, fears and anxieties, and general discomforts have an annoying way of showing up in our lives right when it’s time for bed. Thankfully, there are plenty of holistic remedies that can help counteract racing thoughts that just get faster when the lights go out.
When relaxation is your end goal, breath becomes your most important ally. Simply taking deeper, more controlled breaths can be enough to lower your cortisol levels1, since breathing into the diaphragm can stimulate the vagus nerve, which kickstarts your body’s parasympathetic response.
This is known as the relaxation response, and it’s been studied pretty extensively. A 2008 study in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine found that older people with chronically high blood pressure were able to lower their SBP by an average of 9.4 points over eight weeks using mind-body relaxation techniques that employed the breath.
Below, an introduction to five meditation exercises that can help you use the power of the breath to relax and fall asleep more easily.
Use a guided meditation app
If you're new to the mindful meditation arena, phone apps like Headspace, Calm, and Insight can be a valuable tool to help improve your mental health and create new habits, like breath work, to find a healthier you.
Many of them also come with meditations specifically designed to combat stress and evoke relaxation. You can do the quicker, five-minute exercises in a pinch when you feel your stress response triggered, or make a habit of listening to a longer one to unwind for bed.
Designate a bedtime mantra
If you're a more experienced meditator, challenge yourself to ditch the app and craft a personal de-stress mantra instead. Let your intuition guide you to a phrase that brings you peace, such as "I am in control of my destiny" or "I do not let outside triggers affect my inner self."
Whatever your mantra may be, repeat it with each inhale, letting it regulate the breath and mask the lingering worries that may creep in during your wind-down practice.
Make your exhales longer than your inhales
Breath work involves tweaking your breathing to achieve even more therapeutic effects. There are hundreds of different techniques and routines for doing so, but LA-based breathwork expert Ashley Neese swears by taking a long, deep breath through the nose and exhaling out of the nose for two to three counts longer than you inhaled.
Doing so should help you begin to unwind within 60 seconds or less. "The slower you breathe the quieter the mind will become," she says.
Try a 2:1:4:1 breath ratio
Robin Berzin, M.D., a functional medicine physician and founder of Parsley Health, recommends inhaling for a count of two, holding the breath for a count of one, exhaling gently for a count of four, and finishing by holding the breath again for a count of one.
If the two-to-four count feels too short, she says to increase the length of the breath to four in and six out, or six in and eight out, etc. "But if longer breaths create any anxiety, there is no need to push yourself," she reminds us.
At the end of the day, it's all about what pattern makes you feel the most comfortable and at ease, so play around with different combinations of inhales and exhales until you find your sweet spot.
Add in some visualization
Hypnotherapist Grace Smith often calls upon visualization when working with clients. She encourages them to imagine that stress is a physical being and politely asking it to leave your life to make way for more flow. Then, she says to see in full detail what you want to replace it with.
So, if you're looking to boost creativity, imagine a fountain: "I love visualizing a fountain or a faucet turning on—one that continues to flow and flow and flow with ideas. All you need to do is fill up your pail, carry it back to desk or studio, and see where these new ideas lead you.
Imagine both accessing new ideas as well as following through with their execution easily and effortlessly, all the while being kind to yourself," she says.
Like most things, these techniques take practice, so don't expect to feel like a pro right away. Start by carving out a few minutes every day to practice; think of it as building up your relaxation arsenal so you'll be better equipped to handle a stressful situation the next time it arises.
No. 1 rule: Be kind to yourself, and thank yourself for every effort.
Emma Loewe is the Sustainability Health Director at mindbodygreen and the author of Return to Nature: The New Science of How Natural Landscapes Restore Us. She is also the co-author of The Spirit Almanac: A Modern Guide To Ancient Self Care, which she wrote alongside Lindsay Kellner.
Emma received her B.A. in Environmental Science & Policy with a specialty in environmental communications from Duke University. In addition to penning over 1,000 mbg articles on topics from the water crisis in California to the rise of urban beekeeping, her work has appeared on Grist, Bloomberg News, Bustle, and Forbes. She's spoken about the intersection of self-care and sustainability on podcasts and live events alongside environmental thought leaders like Marci Zaroff, Gay Browne, and Summer Rayne Oakes.