11 Ways To Make The Most Of An Anti-Inflammatory Diet + A Food List
If you want to eat for long-term health, lowering inflammation can be majorly beneficial.
That's why, as a doctor and founder of the Kaplan Center for Integrative Medicine, I recommend my patients eat a diet focused on anti-inflammatory principles.
Here, I share some of my top ways to optimize your diet, plus my go-to anti-inflammatory foods.
Anti-inflammatory diet tips.
To make the most of an anti-inflammatory diet, I recommend following these 11 principles:
Consume at least 25 grams of fiber every day.
To get your fill of fiber, seek out whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
The best sources include whole grains such as barley and oatmeal; vegetables like okra, eggplant, and onions; and a variety of fruits like bananas (3 grams of fiber per banana) and blueberries (3.5 grams of fiber per cup).
Eat a minimum of nine servings of fruits and vegetables every day.
One “serving” is half a cup of a cooked fruit or vegetable, or one cup of a raw leafy vegetable.
For an extra punch, add anti-inflammatory herbs and spices—such as turmeric and ginger—to your cooked fruits and vegetables to increase the benefits.
Eat four servings of both alliums and crucifers every week.
Alliums include garlic, scallions, onions, and leek, while crucifers refer to vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, mustard greens, and Brussels sprouts.
Limit saturated fat to 10 percent of your daily calories.
By keeping saturated fat low (that's about 20 grams per 2,000 calories), you'll help reduce the risk of heart disease.
Consume foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids.
Research suggests that omega-3 fatty acids reduce inflammation and may help lower risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and arthritis — conditions that often have a high inflammatory process at their root.
Aim to eat lots of foods high in omega-3 fatty acids like flax meal, walnuts, and beans such as navy, kidney and soy. I also recommend taking a good-quality omega-3 supplement.
Eat fish at least three times a week.
Fish are another fantastic omega-3 rich food. Go for cold-water fish such as salmon, oysters, herring, mackerel, trout, sardines, and anchovies.
Low-fat fish such as sole and flounder, may also have anti-inflammatory benefits.
Use oils that contain healthy fats.
The body requires fat, but choose the fats that provide you with benefits.
Virgin and extra-virgin olive oil (organic if possible) are the best bets for anti-inflammatory benefits. Other options include high-oleic, expeller-pressed versions of sunflower and safflower oil.
Eat healthy snacks twice a day.
If you're a snacker, aim for fruit, plain or unsweetened Greek-style yogurt (it contains more protein per serving), celery sticks, carrots, or nuts like pistachios, almonds, and walnuts.
Avoid processed foods and refined sugars.
Avoid refined sugars whenever possible and artificial sweeteners altogether.
Cut out trans fats.
A good rule of thumb is to always read labels and steer clear of products that contain the words “hydrogenated” or “partially hydrogenated oils.”
Vegetable shortenings, select margarines, crackers, and cookies are just a few examples of foods that might contain trans fats.
Sweeten meals with phytonutrient-rich fruits, and flavor foods with spices.
Most fruits and vegetables are loaded with important phytonutrients.
In order to naturally sweeten your meals, try adding apples, apricots, berries, and even carrots.
And for flavoring savory meals, go for spices that are known for their anti-inflammatory properties, including cloves, cinnamon, turmeric, rosemary, ginger, sage, and thyme.
Best anti-inflammatory food list.
We just went over a lot of anti-inflammatory diet information. But to get all the go-to foods in one place, here's a comprehensive list to peruse the next time you head to the grocery store:
- mustard greens
- Brussels sprouts
Nuts, seeds, and legumes
- kidney beans
- soy beans
- navy beans
Herbs and spices
Foods to avoid on an anti-inflammatory diet.
In addition to including plenty of anti-inflammatory foods in your diet, it's also important to ditch the foods that may be contributing to inflammation in your body. Here's a summary of the foods I recommend avoiding:
- High fructose corn syrup
- High-sodium foods
- Refined sugar
- Artificial sweeteners
- Hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oils
Incorporating more beneficial anti-inflammatory foods and decreasing not-so-healthy options can be the first step you take for a stronger, healthier body. Here's a sample 7-day meal plan to get you started on an anti-inflammatory diet.
Gary Kaplan, D.O. is the founder and medical director of the Kaplan Center for Integrative Medicine and a founder of the Foundation for Total Recovery. He also authored the book Total Recovery. He graduated from the College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery in Des Moines, Iowa and completed his residency training at Georgetown University/Providence Hospital’s Family Practice Residency Program. A pioneer and leader in the field of integrative medicine, Dr. Kaplan is one of only 19 physicians in the country to be board-certified in both family medicine and pain medicine. He created the Kaplan Center to offer patients suffering with chronic pain and illness a more effective model of medical care.