How To Rewire Your Brain To Have A Secure Attachment Style
Our relationship with our parents or caregiver creates an "attachment style"—a blueprint for how we handle close relationships later. Understanding how they are formed, and how they manifest in our adult relationships, is vitally important if you want to grow as a person and in your relationships.
While there are different definitions and terminologies for attachment styles, much of it boils down to insecure (which can include fearful-avoidant, dismissive-avoidant, and anxious) versus secure attachment.
How insecure attachment styles are blueprinted in childhood:
As young kids we unconsciously tend to assume our parents' failings must be about us because, for a while at least, our parents are godlike figures. We're hardwired to idolize them for the first few years of life because we have to rely on them for every aspect of our survival. That's why we may blame ourselves rather than them for some of our disappointments or for problems in the family that actually have little to do with us. It can be hard on our self-worth.
Not all parents realize that just being physically present isn't enough, although it's a fine start. Love is essentially a form of focused and generous presence—a special kind of authentic engagement. Love is the highest-quality presence of heart and it's a gift that builds self-esteem. When someone in your childhood consistently indicates that you are worthy and good enough just the way you are, this becomes a part of your reality as your sense of identity develops. While being physically present as much as you are able is important in parenting, it isn't enough without emotional presence, engagement, and an interested connection.
Low self-worth early in life can lead to inadvertently choosing paths that erode our self-worth even further as we get older. Inexperience combined with intense need is a volatile cocktail. Seeking love yet not having reliable indicators of what it feels like to be loved well makes you vulnerable to quick-and-dirty fixes of love that end up making things worse. For example, some seek love vehemently, then run when it's returned or becomes intense because it feels dangerous to let someone get too close. Insecure or ambivalent attachment styles lend themselves to self-defeating patterns of trying to love while defending a heart that feels vulnerable.
Alternatively, the consistent affirmation of your innate worthiness to be seen and heard serves as a platform on which to build your emerging impression of yourself. Unfortunately, many people don't receive sufficient or consistent engagement to help them feel acceptable and worthy in themselves as they reach adolescence and beyond. But regardless of the gifts you receive—or don't—from caregivers, eventually you have to take on the care of your own heart and soul and determine what might need a bit of work.
How to rewire your attachment style to be more secure:
Knowing yourself, building self-esteem, and finding self-compassion are typically a few steps forward, a few steps back, but there are some steps that won't lead you astray:
1. Keep developing the things you are already good at and the things you love, so you spend more time in flow, or immersion in your loved pursuits, living passionately.
It can take patience to stumble upon the things you love and the zone where you're brilliant, where time melts away into bliss. We don't always know our passions until we find ourselves doing them and realize we're totally in our element.
2. Take some measured risks (nothing dangerous), but try things that push you out of your comfort zone.
As well as patience, building self-esteem takes courage. You'll feel proud of your courage when you push yourself and see that you are stronger and braver than you may have known.
3. Get physically strong because the process of it strengthens your head as well.
Looking after yourself physically, attending to your wellness and self-care nurtures emotional strength and stability more than you might realize.
4. Building self-esteem and self-compassion requires deeper changes, too.
If your self-talk, meaning the way you talk to yourself in your head, tends to be harsh and critical, it's essential to become aware of this and to start infusing some new ideas. If you're hard on yourself, ask yourself whether you'd speak to someone else that way. Would it help a child to grow in self-esteem if you spoke to them the way you speak to yourself in your head? If not, think about giving yourself the same level of kindness and compassion you'd give another because feeling ashamed and criticized, for whatever reason, is hell.
5. Insight, understanding, and awareness generate acceptance and fuel your journey into emotional freedom.
Insight means realizing why things worked out as they did, why you are how you are, why they were how they were. It's not about making excuses for anyone. It's about assessing the depths and locations of the scars in your inner landscape so you don't keep falling into those same patterns for the rest of your life.
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Dr. Debra Campbell is an author, psychologist and former lecturer who’s worked as a psychologist in private practice for almost 20 years, consulting on everything from relationships to panic, depression and grief. She received her Ph.D. in psychology from Deakin University. Campbell’s research has been published in peer-reviewed journals in Australia and the US including Spirituality in Clinical Practice and The International Journal of Yoga Therapy. She is also a regular contributor to The Huffington Post and Arianna Huffington’s Thrive Global. In her book Lovelands she writes of growing up, struggling with love and relationships, being an actor, and both sides of therapy – patient and therapist.