How Female Narcissists Differ From Male Narcissists + 4 Signs To Spot One
Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a clinically diagnosed personality disorder characterized by a grandiosity, a need for admiration, and a lack of empathy toward other people.
Though people of all genders can have narcissistic personality disorder, studies have shown men tend to display more narcissistic behaviors. So how can someone spot narcissism in a woman?
The difference between male and female narcissists
Just as there aren't really innate differences between men's and women's personalities, there aren't exactly innate differences between male and female narcissists.
But men and women are socialized differently and thus are more likely to develop specific personality traits, and these differences can be seen between male and female narcissists as well.
When male narcissists are angry, they tend to be aggressive and explosive (especially malignant narcissists).
When female narcissists are angry, though, Spinelli says they'll punish their victims by withholding attention and affection.
"Female narcissists utilize neglect or guilt as a form of control," she says, "whereas male narcissists are more likely to utilize power and status as a form of control."
Another way both male and female narcissists gain control and affection is through codependent people. The psychoanalytic term for this is a "narcissistic supply."
Male narcissists will generally get their supply from romantic partners, but a female narcissist's supply can come from her partner or her children. "The female narcissist sees her children as an extension of herself whereas the male narcissists do not lean in this direction," Spinelli says.
Signs of a narcissistic female personality
The female narcissist can typically be seen as the martyr or the virtuous victim. "Their pain is greater than anyone's pain, their efforts are bigger than anyone's efforts, their suffering is more extraordinary than anyone else's suffering," therapist Wendy Behary, LCSW, tells mbg.
This is often referred to as covert or vulnerable narcissism, where the person may not be as outwardly boastful but still possesses narcissistic traits.
Like all narcissists, female narcissists are deeply insecure. In an attempt to mask their insecurities or flaws, female narcissists tend to be overly concerned with their physical appearance and social image—sometimes referred to as somatic narcissism.
"The female narcissist is not genuinely interested in things like character and values unless it is used as part of her image," Spinelli says.
Material items like clothes and cars can help validate their insecurities. Some female narcissists will even place an emphasis on their children's image to help elevate their own, Behary says.
Competitive and jealous
"A female narcissist will be fiercely competitive," Spinelli says. "She has the desire to be the smartest, prettiest, most successful, and charming woman in the room."
Similar to a conversational narcissist, Behary says female narcissists always circle conversations back to their own experiences.
If other women appear more interesting or "threatening," the female narcissist might use shaming tactics to exile them from the social group. They may do this to colleagues, friends, and even their own daughters, Spinelli says.
Overbearing parent or mother-in-law
An overbearing and over-controlling parent may be a sign of a female narcissist. According to Behary, these females will show up at their kid's house and start rearranging furniture, rewashing the clothes, or telling them how to discipline their kids.
This is because they believe they have a superior way of doing things and view themselves as experts in all situations, she explains.
Additionally, a narcissistic mother or mother-in-law will be "jealous" of her daughter or daughter-in-law, Spinelli says.
Common misconceptions with female narcissists
One of the biggest misconceptions is that female narcissists don't exist at all, likely because of the way men and women tend to be socialized and given different sets of expectations.
Men are diagnosed with NPD at much higher rates, but female narcissists do exist.
Another misconception is that female narcissists are not as violent or emotionally abusive as males. "Often their male victims may not speak up about it because of feelings of shame," Spinelli says. Similarly, some people believe female narcissists are nicer than male ones.
But while both genders can appear nice and helpful in front of others, they tend to abuse their victims behind closed doors. "Female narcissists are just as rageful, contemptuous, and bullying," she explains.
While male narcissists might be more outwardly recognizable, female narcissists do exist. They tend to be more manipulative socially and can be just as vindictive as a male narcissist.
They tend to play the victim, be overly jealous and competitive, superficial, and overbearing.
Abby Moore is an editorial operations manager at mindbodygreen. She earned a B.A. in Journalism from The University of Texas at Austin and has previously written for Tribeza magazine. She has covered topics ranging from regenerative agriculture to celebrity entrepreneurship. Moore worked on the copywriting and marketing team at Siete Family Foods before moving to New York.