11 Things You Need To Know Today (October 30)

1. Films starring women make more money than ones starring men.

Hollywood: Take note. Out of 133 of the top-25 grossing films released between 2006 and 2015, female-centric films made almost $45.5 million more at the box office than male-centric movies. (Mic)

2. Mario Batali brewed a beer made out of food waste.

Inspired by Dan Barber's new restaurant that serves customers reimagined food scraps, Batali made beer out of stale bread, rotten grapefruit, and overripe tomatoes (Grub Street).

3. Scientists push for a national initiative on studying microbiomes.

Science and Nature pleaded the case for a bigger-scale, government-led microbiome study. (NYT)

4. Statistically, the health benefits of paid parental leave to children are significant in both the long and short term.

Studies reviewed by CNN show that paid parental leave can reduce infant mortality rates by up to 10 percent, increase the likelihood of children getting vaccines by more than 20 percent, and double the amount of time a mother breast-feeds her child. (CNN)

5. The way Americans talk about mental health has changed drastically over the past two centuries.

A report from research firm Fractl looked at the frequency of mental-health-related words in texts from 1810 to present. The term neurosis, for example, was at its height in the 1950s, and mental health as a descriptor has been growing steadily in popularity since the middle of the 20th century. (The Atlantic)

6. People prefer weed to prescription drugs and other "illicit substances."

A recently published study found that more and more, people are reportedly opting for cannabis over prescription medication, alcohol, and other drugs. Eight-six percent of those surveyed said they gave up one or more substances for pot (almost 81 percent gave up pharmaceuticals for marijuana), which researchers believe signals cannabis's appeal as a natural replacement for recreational and medical substances. (attn)

7. China will end its one-child-only policy.

State-run Xinhua news agency reported that China will allow two children per couple, as long as the proposal is approved by its top legislature. (CNN)

8. Two-thirds of the world has the herpes virus.

The World Health Organization reported that 3.7 billion people under the age of 50 have the virus that causes cold sores, and encourages more awareness and research. (NBC)

9. Mammograms haven't lowered rates of metastatic breast cancer.

New research published this week shows that the incidence of breast cancer that has already spread to another organ by the time it's found hasn't changed since 1975, despite decades of mammograms. The news comes after the American Cancer Society announced earlier this month that they now recommend women receive fewer mammograms. (LA Times)

10. A dangerous new eating disorder emerges from diabetes.

Diabulimia is when type 1 diabetics manipulate their insulin levels in order to lose weight, which is potentially very harmful. (The Atlantic)

11. Restoring soil quality is one of the best things we can do to combat climate change.

Little-known climate change fact: Just the first meter of soil contains as much carbon as the entire atmosphere. And there's potential to soak up much more. (Fast Co. Exist)

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