As a naturopathic doctor, I see a lot of people who can't seem to lose weight. Instead of offering pills or surgery, I try to help them focus on feeding their body the right way. A big part of that is treating your gut right: The trillions of microbes that make up your microbiome. When that microbiome is healthy, you have a rock-solid gut. When it’s not, you’re in trouble.
Why is your human-gut microbiome so important? Because it’s the biggest key to having a slim, young, healthy body. Here’s why: 80 percent of your immune system is in your gut — and your gut microbes help to modulate this system’s activity.
When your microbiome is healthy, your immune system works optimally, and that means you have a lower risk of getting colds, the flu, autoimmune problems, and even cancer. You also digest your food better. That means less gas and bloating and fewer problems with constipation and diarrhea. In addition, it means you get the nutrients your body needs.
An unhealthy microbiome creates inflammation. Eventually, the damage caused by this inflammation leads to a “leaky gut,” allowing toxins and undigested food particles to escape into your bloodstream. This sends your immune system into hyperdrive, causing chronic, low-grade, system-wide inflammation that makes you fat and sick. It’s like a forest fire that never goes out. If you heal this inflammation, the pounds will fall off and you will feel younger and more energetic.
Clearly, in order to be your best, you need to treat your gut right — and a big part of that involves prebiotics and probiotics.
1. Trillions and trillions of good microbes live in your GI tract, and they need prebiotics to flourish.
Prebiotics are foods or supplements high in the soluble fiber that your gut microbes love to eat. Here are some of the best prebiotic foods: