What goes on inside your brain when you exercise? A lot of good stuff, suggests a new study. Your brain produces Noggin when you exercise, and Noggin counteracts BMP (not good for the brain)... and I'll let theThe New York Times take it from there:
...exercise countermands some of the numbing effects of BMP, Dr. Kessler says. In work at his lab, mice given access to running wheels had about 50 percent less BMP-related brain activity within a week. They also showed a notable increase in Noggin, a beautifully named brain protein that acts as a BMP antagonist. The more Noggin in your brain, the less BMP activity exists and the more stem cell divisions and neurogenesis you experience. Mice at Northwestern whose brains were infused directly with large doses of Noggin became, Dr. Kessler says, "little mouse geniuses, if there is such a thing." They aced the mazes and other tests.
Whether exercise directly reduces BMP activity or increases production of Noggin isn’t yet known and may not matter. The results speak for themselves. "If ever exercise enthusiasts wanted a rationale for what they’re doing, this should be it," Dr. Kessler says.
But how much exercise?
Still, if there’s not yet any discernible ceiling on brain-healthy exercise, there is a floor. You have to do something. Walk, jog, swim, pedal — the exact amount or intensity of the exercise required has not been determined, although it appears that the minimum is blessedly low. In mice, Mr. Gage says, "even a fairly short period” of exercise “and a short distance seems to produce results."